Ganbu (cadres), Danwei (organizations) and Jiguan (government organs)
To most of the average Chinese citizens, Ganbu (cadres) means those who get most of their financial income from the state. The organizations where Ganbu work are called Danwei, and the organs that lead the Danwei are called Jiguan. Being a Ganbu and working in a prestigious Danwei means a stable job, good working conditions and living environment, better pay and higher social status. Furthermore it means that you will almost never be unemployed. That is an enviable situation for average citizens in such an era of serious employment competition and an incomplete social security system. According to the statistics, there are about 1.2 million Ganbu, who are supported financially by the state. That is a heavy burden for a country, which has an impoverished population of over 50 million.
Lack of an efficient system of administration and supervision of Ganbu leads to over-employment, inefficiency and corruption in most of the Jiguan and Danwei. This in turn prevents the government from achieving high administrative efficiency. To fulfill the need of the rapid economic development, China is in urgent need of establishing a more scientific, democratic, efficient and honest administrative system.